F102: Legislation and Human Rights Protection
F102: Legislation and Human Rights Protection
1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Following this historic act the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories."
2. The Sterilization of Leilani Muir
NFB archive film - Twenty-five years ago Leilani Muir was informed she would never be able to conceive a child. Unbeknownst to her, at the age of fourteen, she had already been sexually sterilized, by an Act of the Alberta government. The film entwines her personal search for justice with the background story of eugenics, a respected "science" during the early decades of the twentieth century.
3. Someone Like That: Life Stories
Someone Like That: Life Stories (2000) by Gillespie, C. is available through bookstores, including amazon.ca and chapters.ca. It is also available through Rowan Books in Edmonton and public libraries in Alberta.
4. Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 2006, and opened for signature on 30 March 2007. The Convention aims to ensure that persons with disabilities enjoy human rights on an equal basis with others.
5. Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons
The Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons of 20 December 1971, provided a framework for protecting rights through national and international action. The Declaration stated that mentally retarded persons had, to the degree feasible, the same rights as other human beings, including a right to proper medical care and education, to economic security, to a qualified guardian, as required, to protection from exploitation and to access to legal procedures. The Declaration stated that, if possible, mentally retarded persons should live with their families or with foster parents and should participate in various aspects of community life. Essentially, the Declaration paved the way for future comprehensive sets of principles, which would eventually seek to integrate persons with disabilities into society.
6. Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons
The Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, adopted by the General Assembly on 9 December 1975, encouraged national and international protection of the rights of the disabled. Recognition was given to the fact that disabled persons were entitled to the same political and civil rights as others, including measures necessary to enable them to become self-sufficient. The Declaration reiterated the rights of disabled persons to education, medical services, and placement service. It further recognized their right to economic and social security, to employment, to live with their families, to participate in social and creative events, to be protected against all exploitation, abuse or degrading behaviour, and to avail themselves of legal aid. Realizing the need to promote the full participation of the disabled in the social life and development of their societies, on 16 December 1976, the General Assembly declared the year 1981 International Year of Disabled Persons (IYDP), stipulating that it be devoted to integrating disabled persons fully into society.
7. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights and freedoms set out in it subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society. This Department of Justice webpage provides the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in English.
8. Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped (AISH)
The Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped (AISH) program provides financial assistance (living allowance), supplementary assistance (child benefits and personal benefits) and health-related assistance (health benefits) to adults with a disability. The disability must severely limit the ability to earn a living and must be permanent (e.g. all opportunities for rehabilitation and training have been exhausted). AISH provides health benefits to assist clients, their cohabiting partners and dependent children with expenses related to their health.
The Canadian Human Rights Commission administers the Canadian Human Rights Act and is responsible for ensuring compliance with the Employment Equity Act. Both laws ensure that the principles of equal opportunity and non-discrimination are followed in all areas of federal jurisdiction.
In Alberta, the Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act protects Albertans from discrimination. The Act establishes the Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission to carry out functions under the Act. The Commission is an independent agency of the Government of Alberta.
11. The Evolution of Human Rights Law
This Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission webpage provides an overview of the evolution of human rights law in Alberta and elsewhere. You may also wish to checkout the evolution of the international human rights laws, which can be found on the UNESCO website.
12. Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act
An online copy of Alberta's Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculteralism Act can be viewed on this Queen's Printer webpage.
13. Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
This site provides information to help public bodies comply with Alberta's Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIP Act). Public bodies include Government of Alberta ministries, boards, agencies and commissions, as well as school boards, post-secondary educational institutions, municipalities, police services and commissions, health care bodies, Metis settlements, public libraries, drainage and irrigation districts, and housing management bodies.
14. Personal Information Protection Act
This site provides information to help businesses, non-profit organizations, and professional regulatory organizations to comply with Alberta's Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) that became law on January 1, 2004.
15. Office of the Public Guardian
The Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) through the Dependent Adults Act, the Personal Directives Act and the Mental Health Act provides appropriate decision-making mechanisms for individuals who are unable to make personal non-financial decisions for themselves.
16. Abuse Prevention and Response Protocol
PDD has a solid history of being proactive in the area of addressing abuse. Through its Abuse Prevention and Response Committee, with diverse representatives from both government and the community, PDD has been able to address issues related to education, training, reporting and investigation.
18. Alberta Response Model
"Differential Response" is a term used to describe a number of important activities that have one major goal in mind: to improve outcomes for children, youth and families in need of intervention. Differential Response helps children, youth, and families live in stable and nurturing environments. It uses community-based resources and wisdom. It looks to the future by building on past successes.
19. Criminal Code of Canada
This Department of Justice website provides access to the text of the Criminal Code of Canada and related Regulations.
20. Assault Sections of the Criminal Code of Canada
This website provides the sections of the Criminal Code of Canada that deal specifically with assault.
21. Child Welfare and Intervention
Parents and guardians are responsible to care for their children, but sometimes they are not willing or able to provide a safe and secure home for their child. If this happens, it is the job of Alberta Children’s Services to step in for the safety and well-being of a child.
22. Soneone Like That – Inside I Was Screaming
Nina and her sister Rita spent over five decades in an institution before finally realizing their dream to live together in a home in community, as they had as children. It was then, late in life, that Nina took her first art class, unleashing a passion and talent for art making that would mark the last decade of her life. Her story served as the inspiration behind the Nina Haggerty Centre for the Arts. (ArtBridges interview)